From a study by Keith DR, Russell K, and Weaver BS:
Over the decades, medical staff have developed strategies to manage crying episodes of the critically ill and convalescing premature infant. These episodes of crying occur frequently after infants are removed from ventilation, but before they are able to receive nutrition orally. Not only are these episodes stressful to infants and upsetting to parents, but they are also stressful and time consuming for the staff that take care of these patients. Although the literature supports the benefits of music therapy in regard to physiological and certain behavioral measures with premature infants [emphasis added], no research exists that explores the use of music therapy with inconsolability related to the “nothing by mouth” status. This study explored the effects of music therapy on the crying behaviors of critically ill infants classified as inconsolable. Twenty-four premature infants with gestational age 32-40 weeks received a developmentally appropriate music listening intervention, alternating with days on which no intervention was provided. The results revealed a significant reduction in the frequency and duration of episodes of inconsolable crying as a result of the music intervention, as well as improved physiological measures including heart rate, respiration rate, oxygen saturation, and mean arterial pressure [emphasis added].
In observance of the March of Dimes’ “Fight for Preemies” day on November 17th, until then I will be posting research on the benefits of music (especially classical music) for premature infants. If you know a doctor, nurse, attendant, or parent of a premature infant, please send them the link to this study and the relevant others that appear on this blog. We need to do everything we can to help premature infants gain ground, and nothing is as easy, or as inexpensive, as providing classical music for them. Caring for premature infants is stressful, and we need to reduce the stress of the caregivers as well!